Southern Sudan Hill Zebu, South Eastern Hill Zebu
Southern Sudan Zebu.
Heterogeneous group of cattle with the strains showing some distinct characteristics. The Bari strain has extremely long horns; the Didinga strain appear to carry some Toposa blood; the Dongolla live in tsetse pockets and may exhibit a degree of trypanotolerance. Mongalla cattle are well fleshed, with a typical short forehead and a facial profile that is flat or slightly convex in the cow, but convex in the bull; coat colour is mainly grey or dun.
Found in the valleys and lower slopes of the hilly areas around Mongalla and Torit of the eastern part of the Equatorial province of southern Sudan. They are owned by a number of Nilo-Hamitic tribes (the Didinga, Latuka, Bari), and hence strains are also named after these tribal groups.
The Small East African Zebu are believed to have descended from the recent introductions of zebu into Africa from Asia, and some may have ancestral linkages with cattle of the Large East African Zebu group. The breeds or strains that belong to the group of Southern Sudan Zebu are believed to have been brought south from the Nile Valley of northern Sudan two centuries ago (Rege and Tawah, 1999).