South Sudanese/ Southern Sudan
Sudanese Maned, Southern Sudan, Nilotic, Nuba Maned, Mongalla
Small and short legged; an adult male may weigh as little as 11 kg; the basic colour is white, usually with black and/or tan patches; the hair is very smooth and close and there is usually a longitudinal ruff under the neck of the adult ram; the presence of throat mane has led to the name Nuba Maned for the local variety (Mason and Maule, 1960).
The Nilotic variety of this sheep are maintained by the Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk tribes; the Nuba maned variety inhabits the Nuba mountains of the southern Sudan; the Southern variety occupies the Ingessana Hills, the Latuka-Bari area and the Toposa area of southern Sudan (Mason and Maule, 1960). It is not known how much of this diversity is still maintained in southern Sudan after long years of instability.
The hairy thin tailed type of sheep originated in western Asia, and entered Africa through the Isthmus of Suez and Bab el Mandeb. Until the third Millennium BC, the hairy thin-tailed sheep was the only type of sheep on the African continent. Domestic sheep had reached Egypt and other parts of North Africa by 5000 BC (Epstein, 1971).