Sudanese Nubian, Shukria, Sciucria, Langae, Hassen, Beladi, Bledi
Tall (70–75 cm height) but light bodied in Eritrea (30–34 kg) but heavier in the Sudan (40–70 kg); markedly convex facial profile; long, broad and pendent ears that may turn upwards at the tips and trail on the ground when the head is down for feeding; neck is long; back is straight; croup is well developed with tail set high; long and well proportioned legs; udder well developed; coat colour is generally black except for ears which are grey or speckled; coat is long haired, generally longer on front legs and hindquarters (Wilson, 1991; FARM-Africa, 1996).
Found in riverain and urban areas of northern Sudan, the lowlands of western Eritrea (Gash, Setit and Akordat) and parts of north-western Ethiopia; the climate in these areas is mainly arid and extreme arid along the rivers; the production systems are pastoral or peri-urban; also kept by settled agriculturalists on irrigation schemes along the Nile (Wilson, 1991; FARM-Africa, 1996).
The Nubian belongs to a group of similar goats common throughout the Middle East, extending as far eastwards as India. The centre of origin of this goat type was likely to be in Iran during the Assyrian times. Present day populations of this goat type include the Nubian of Eritrea (Shukria) and the Sudan, Zaraibi of Egypt and Mzabite of Algeria. They are very similar to the Damascus of the Near East as well as the Syrian Mountain goat.